Spielberg's early science-fiction and adventure films, such as Jaws (1975), Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977), Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), and E. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982), were seen as archetypes of modern Hollywood escapist filmmaking. Artificial Intelligence (2001), and War of the Worlds (2005).
In later years, his films began addressing numerous humanistic issues such as the Holocaust, the transatlantic slave trade, civil rights, war, and terrorism in such films as The Color Purple (1985), Empire of the Sun (1987), Schindler's List (1993), Amistad (1997), Saving Private Ryan (1998), Munich (2005), War Horse (2011), Lincoln (2012), Bridge of Spies (2015), and The Post (2017). Spielberg won the Academy Award for Best Director for Schindler's List and Saving Private Ryan, as well as receiving five other nominations.
The archaeologist and adventurer hero Indiana Jones was played by Harrison Ford (whom Lucas had previously cast in his Star Wars films as Han Solo).
It made him the youngest director ever to be signed for a long-term deal with a major Hollywood studio. When I began to work with Steven, I understood everything.
He is also known for his long-standing associations with several actors, producers, and technicians, most notably composer John Williams, who has composed music for all but three of Spielberg's films (The Color Purple, Bridge of Spies, and Ready Player One).
As a child, Spielberg faced difficulty reconciling being an Orthodox Jew with the perception of him by other children he played with.
He is also one of the co-founders of Dream Works Studios.
In a career spanning more than four decades, Spielberg's films have spanned many themes and genres.